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Grave coercion, coaccion grave in Spanish, is defined in Article 286 of the Revised Penal Code.
Elements of Grave Coercion
Grave coercion has three elements:<ref>People vs. Astorga, G.R. No. 110097, 22 December 1997</ref>
- (a) that any person is prevented by another from doing something not prohibited by law, or compelled to do something against his or her will, be it right or wrong;
- (b) that the prevention or compulsion is effected by violence, either by material force or such a display of it as would produce intimidation and, consequently, control over the will of the offended party; and
- (c) that the person who restrains the will and liberty of another has no right to do so or, in other words, that the restraint is not made under authority of a law or in the exercise of any lawful right.