Grave coercion

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Grave coercion, coaccion grave in Spanish, is defined in Article 286 of the Revised Penal Code.

Elements of Grave Coercion

Grave coercion has three elements:<ref>People vs. Astorga, G.R. No. 110097, 22 December 1997</ref>

(a) that any person is prevented by another from doing something not prohibited by law, or compelled to do something against his or her will, be it right or wrong;
(b) that the prevention or compulsion is effected by violence, either by material force or such a display of it as would produce intimidation and, consequently, control over the will of the offended party; and
(c) that the person who restrains the will and liberty of another has no right to do so or, in other words, that the restraint is not made under authority of a law or in the exercise of any lawful right.

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