Threefold liability rule
It is a fundamental principle in the law on public officers that administrative liability is separate from and independent of criminal liability. A simple act or omission can give rise to criminal, civil or administrative liability, each independently of the others. This is known as the "threefold liability rule." Thus, absolution from a criminal charge is not a bar to an administrative prosecution, and vice-versa. In this criminal prosecution, the dismissal of the administrative cases will not necessarily result in the dismissal of the criminal complaints.<ref>Regidor, Jr. vs. People, G.R. Nos. 166086-92, 13 February 2009</ref> See also Double jeopardy and Information.